Connect with us

Editor's Pick

Puppetry Art : Strings of Expression

Puppetry art is a canvas of culture for Indian artists. Dive deep into the origin and intricacies of the art.

Published

on

puppetry, puppet, artist, art, Indian, Indian culture

From narrating folktales and dancing on Nimbuda Nimbuda to grooving to Shakira’s Waka Waka, puppets in India have done it all. Puppetry, a unique art form, is an inherent part of Indian culture. Its presence dates back thousands of years. As an art form, puppetry holds a certain level of philosophical essence as well. Legend has it that God has been depicted as a puppeteer in the Bhagavad Gita. He is shown controlling the entire universe with three strings namely Satta, Raja and Tama. Today, as we celebrate World Puppetry Day, it’s time for us to dive back into the history and significance of Indian puppetry.

Origin of Puppetry

Puppets are dolls or figures that are controlled by a person and they appear to move on their own. Puppetry is believed to have developed more than 3,000 years ago. Egypt is considered to be the cradle of the earliest puppets. Archaeologists have discovered puppets made of ivory and clay in tombs. Ancient Greek scholars like Aristotle and Plato also mentioned them as early as 422 BC. 

In the excavation sites of Harappa and Mohenjo Daro, puppets with sockets have been unearthed which indicates that puppetry was a popular art form at that time. One can also find mentions of puppetry in the great Indian epic The Mahabharata and the Tamil classic Silappadikaram written in the first and second centuries BC. ‘Sutradhar’ which means ‘string bearer’ is referred to as the storyteller in Indian theatre. 

Types of Puppets used in India

Glove Puppets

Also known as hand puppets, sleeve puppets and palm puppets, they are popular in Indian states like Kerala, West Bengal, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh. Sakhi Kundhei Neta is the glove puppetry popular in Odisha. Stories of Radha Krishna formed the basis of the stories. It is mostly popular in the districts of Cuttack and Bhubaneswar. Beni Putul, popular in East Midnapur, Murshidabad and 24 Parganas districts refers to the dolls used for commercial purposes. It was used as a tool against the oppression of the British. Pavakoothu, another type of glove puppet that is popular in Kerala depicts the themes based on The Mahabharata and The Ramayana.   

Shadow Puppets

They are generally popular in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Odisha and Tamil Nadu and have six types. They are flat and transparent leather or paper cut-outs that are fastened to a supporting stick and moved by at least two other thin sticks or rods. Ravan Chhaya from Odisha and Tholpavai Koothu from Kerala are the two most prominent shadow puppet theatre traditions in India. 

String Puppets

Also called marionettes, string puppets have spread throughout the continent of Asia. This is generally popular in the states of Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Rajasthan. These puppets are made out of wood and the long flowing decorative skirts hide the legs. Strings attached to a triangular wooden control manipulate the puppets. In Odisha, the ends of the strings are tied to a triangular wooden frame to a horizontal bar while in Rajasthan, puppets are simply looped around the puppeteer’s fingers. String puppets are believed to dominate the Indian classical theatre and they find their first mentions in the Mahabharata of the 4th century BC.

Rod Puppets

They are an extension of the glove puppets but are larger than them and are supported and manipulated by rods or sticks of different sizes. They are generally famous in the Indian states of West Bengal and Odisha and they are generally made of three joints. This technique is also used for the round or doll-type puppets. The trunk is formed by a stick, the lower extension of which is the handle for its manipulation. Daanger Putul Nach is the traditional rod puppet performance of Bengal. The Mahabharata, the Ramayana, the Puranas and the Jatras form the themes of this performance.

Here are some flawless puppetry performances that are a visual treat to your life :

Bengal’s Glove Puppetry Performance

Reciting the story of a wedding without dowry, the artist in his performance uses gloves to move the puppets. He simultaneously sings a song to which the puppets dance creating a theatre-like experience.

Credits: YouTube (Daricha Foundation)

A Rajasthani String Puppet Performance

This puppetry performance by a Rajasthani artist shows string puppets grooving to the desi Bollywood music of today’s time. The art has now evolved beyond folk songs and ballads. It has reached the horizons of trending songs and pop tadka.

Credits: YouTube (Strong and Beyond)

Kerala’s Shadow Puppetry Performance

Narrating the traditional folktales and legends of Kerala, this style of puppetry dwells deep in the culture of the state. This performance also presents a story by way of shadow puppets which is indeed a wholesome and enchanting experience.

Credits: YouTube (Kerala Tourism)

Rod Puppet Performance by Bengali artists

Beginning with a mandatory concert to invite people from afar, these performances include announcements being made in the traditional ‘jatra’ style. This show by Bengali artists depicts an episode from the Indian epic Ramayana being enacted by rod puppets.

Credits: YouTube (Daricha Foundation)

The prominence of puppetry art is diminishing gradually due to a lack of patronage in the modern era and the confinement of the art to mythological stories. Puppetry art remains one of the most pleasant and worthy experiences of one’s life. The artists are immensely skilled and carry a knack in their field. The World Puppetry Day is a beautiful reminder to delve back into the art, the artists and the magical aura it carries. 

Comments

Editor's Pick

Beauty Standards: It’s Hard To Not Look Beautiful

What are beauty standards? Are you beautiful?! Are you ugly?! Do beauty standards make any sense? Let’s find out!

Published

on

beauty standards, people, ugly, beautiful, standard

Have you ever looked at someone and went like, “Oh my god! She/he looks so beautiful, I hope I could look the same, and not so ugly.” Or have you ever thought of something like “Why don’t I have hair like hers?”. Or maybe something like, “I love myself, I just wish my hair, and teeth were different.” If any of these thoughts have ever entered your mind and stayed for some time. And made you try various hacks to help you achieve that perfect look that you have been looking for, then it’s time that we discuss “beauty standards”.

What do beauty standards mean?

“Standard” refers to the bar or level that is set for something, such as if you score below or above this level or bar then you have done poorly. But if you meet the bar or level or exceed it then you have done amazingly. Think of standards like your grades on a report card. Certain criteria or grades are considered average. If you go below that you get below-average or fail, but if you go above it you get good or excellent. Hence we can safely say that the standard will remain the same at various places, such as our grades which remain more or less the same in every school in India. 

“Beauty” refers to something that you like or find pleasing. Hence it can differ from one person to another. You might find bunnies beautiful but someone might might find cats beautiful. To understand this difference, how about we do a small activity? Close your eyes and ask your friend to close theirs as well and together say the word beautiful. The first image that pops up in your head is probably what you think is beautiful. And obviously what image popped up in your head when you said the word beautiful will be different from the one that popped up in your friend’s head for that same word. Thus, we can conclude that the idea of what is beautiful and who is beautiful is something that will be different for every person.

But you will be surprised that our society somewhere failed to understand this small concept of beauty as it insists that everyone must look a certain way. How many of you have heard from your relatives that, you must grow up to be fair, skinny and tall? This particular idea that almost all of our relatives share about beauty is something that a handful of very persuasive people once decided and persuaded others to follow. Hence, a standard or a grading system was created about what is beautiful and was followed for every decade (every ten years) or century (every hundred years). Yes, you heard that right this standard doesn’t remain the same all the time but rather changes with the change in the persuasive people’s ideas about what they like now or find pleasing. A few decades back curly hair was considered ugly or not so beautiful, but now everyone wants those big gorgeous curls. And what is more surprising is that this beauty standard changes from one country to another. In India, we are told not to play in the sun for long or else our skin will tan and we won’t be fair anymore. But in the UK being able to tan your skin is a status symbol as it highlights that you have the means to go to a sunny place to tan your skin. Just like in India, our society prefers fair skin over tan, in the UK it is the opposite. 

Hence, we can agree that different people at different points in time had different beauty standards. And that is fine. What is not fine is imposing it on others. Imagine handing out chocolates to the entire class on your birthday. It’s fun, right? And it’s good that you want to do that. But expecting every one of your classmates to do that, don’t you think that’s a little unfair? Because some of them may not wish to do it, because perhaps the thought of going and giving chocolate to everyone in front of the class is a little scary to them, or the reason could be anything. If they don’t want to, we shouldn’t force them or shame them for it. Surely you probably don’t like being forced to eat the curry that is made with the vegetables that you don’t like so how can you force somebody else to eat a curry that they hate? Imposing beauty standards on others is just like that. We expect people to follow it even though they may not want to. And hence, it’s high time we try and stop that.

Who decides what is beautiful?

In the previous paragraph, we talked about a few persuasive people who decide what is beautiful to them and then manage to convince others to agree that the thing that they consider beautiful is indeed beautiful. But sometimes people do give the reason that it is the god who decides what is beautiful. And if we go by that logic, we also need to understand that we humans are created by god as per his own reflection. So, don’t you think by calling another human being ugly or not beautiful you are in a way calling god ugly, given that we are his reflection or image? Thus, we can’t give the baton to god especially when it comes to human beauty standards and say he decides who is ugly and who is beautiful.

It’s true that a few people alone can’t decide who is beautiful and who is ugly. For something to become a standard of beauty a lot of people need to agree to the standard. That is where our human flaws of insecurity upon seeing someone different from us take over. Instead of admiring them and ourselves for being different, we start to compete or try to be like them, completely forgetting that we are unique in our own way. Hence the beauty standard gets established as everyone tries to be like the other. And the other person they try to be like becomes the norm or the standard of beauty. To understand how this affects somebody else, let’s watch a video:

Credits: YouTube (Dove India)

You Are Beautiful

It’s impossible to go and tape everyone’s mouth or educate everyone about how beauty standards don’t make any sense and hence, shouldn’t be imposed on others, and expect them to follow this in their daily lives. Hence, what we can do instead is accept ourselves, and see us for the unique individual that we are. Cause once we realise how amazing we truly are it will require a lot more than just taunts from our relatives or class bullies to hide the shine within us. We together can break the stupid cycle of imposing beauty standards by creating our own standards. And why are we so confident? Because we are beautiful, and we know it.

Continue Reading

Editor's Pick

Remembering Keshav Vaman Bhole

Keshav Vaman Bhole: A Maestro of Indian Cinema’s Musical Era- Celebrating the life and musical legacy of a pioneering composer and critic

sherrylsanjaypal@gmail.com'

Published

on

Keshav Vaman Bhole, Bhole, Indian , Cinema, India, Music

Keshav Vaman Bhole, or Keshavrao Bhole as he was fondly known, was a luminary in the realm of Indian cinema. Born on May 23, 1896, in Amravati, Maharashtra, his journey began with the establishment of Natya-Manvantara, a theatrical company that laid the groundwork for his future exploits in film. His career, spanning several decades, has left an indelible imprint on Indian cinema, a legacy that continues to reverberate with audiences today.

Bhole’s foray into the world of cinema took a significant turn with his association with the esteemed Prabhat Film Company in 1933. Joining as a music composer, he would go on to create some of the studio’s most iconic hits, a testament to his musical genius and his ability to connect with the audience.

One of Bhole’s most celebrated works is the timeless classic ‘Amrit Manthan’, a masterpiece directed by V. Shantaram. This film, based on Narayan Hari Apte’s novel ‘Bhagyashree ‘, not only garnered widespread acclaim for its captivating narrative but also introduced a new era of music in Indian cinema. Bhole’s innovative orchestral compositions, incorporating piano, Hawaiian guitar, and violin, marked a significant departure from traditional Indian film music, setting a new standard for the industry.

Following “Amrit Manthan’s” success, Bhole continued to captivate audiences with his musical prowess in films like “Sant Tukaram”, a cinematic portrayal of the revered Varkari saint and poet. Directed by Vishnupant Govid Damle and Sheikh Fattelal, this groundbreaking film earned international recognition, cementing Bhole’s reputation as a musical virtuoso.

In “Kunku/Duniya Na Mane”, Bhole tackled social issues using his music to denounce the dowry system and advocate for women’s empowerment. The film’s memorable songs, including “Ek tha Raja Ek thi Rani” and “Jai Ambe Gauri Maiyya”, showcased Bhole’s ability to blend traditional melodies with contemporary themes, resonating deeply with audiences across generations.

Throughout his career, Bhole’s commitment to artistic innovation remained unwavering, evidenced by his groundbreaking work in films like “Sant Dnyaneshwar” and “Das Baje.” His compositions enriched the cinematic experience and reflected his deep understanding of Indian classical music and its cultural significance.

Bhole was also a revered critic, writing under the pseudonyms “Ekalavya” and “Suddha Saranga.” His insightful critiques and scholarly analysis played a crucial role in shaping the discourse surrounding Indian cinema, earning him widespread respect and admiration from peers and audiences alike.

Keshav Vaman Bhole passed in 1967, leaving behind his timeless melodies and pioneering spirit as a source of inspiration for generations of filmmakers and music enthusiasts, ensuring his contributions will be celebrated for years.

Continue Reading

Editor's Pick

Interpreter of Maladies: Sorrows That Are Hard to Notice & Forget

Interpreter of Maladies, the first book by Jhumpa Lahiri which won her a Pulitzer award and cemented her standing as a writer. Let’s dive in!

Published

on

Sorrow, Lahiri, Indian, Interpreter of Maladies, reader

Joy and sadness always come hand in hand. Many writers tend to highlight the greatest joys or the most devastating sadness. But what about the everyday small sorrows that build up each day until the sorrowful dam breaks? It’s the big dam break that is always highlighted. Nobody or very few pay attention to the tension or the small excruciating moments that lead to those big catastrophes. Jhumpa Lahiri is one such author. And she does it not once but multiple times. Each time with a different tale in her very first book, Interpreter of Maladies which won her a Pulitzer award. 

Interpreter of Maladies: A Closer Look

It is easier to dismiss shadows than to accept their existence which only brings more sorrow into one’s life. But sadly most of the characters in the book, Interpreter of Maladies don’t have the option to live in ignorance. Their sorrow and maladies are conveyed by the author, making the book title very apt.

A reader will find that each story is different yet similar in many ways. The similarity lies in the fact that it always carries a hint of diaspora with it. In most of the stories, the nostalgic link to the mother nation is not that profound but its presence is felt in many ways. The most prominent of these ways is through food in most stories. Lahiri’s focus on this one distinguishing factor that makes Indians Indian is what sets her apart from others. What is more intriguing in Interpreter of Maladies is how subtly the food is presented in the context. One might think they are cooking and eating Indian food right at home in Calcutta (given that most of the characters’ background is in West Bengal). And not somewhere in the United States more than 10,000 km away.  

Interpreter of Maladies brings out Indians in a way wherein they don’t stand out because they look different or engage in stereotypical behaviours and practices. But rather Interpreter of Maladies showcases how Indians like people from every other ethnicity try their best to blend in. But there are certain habits and traditions that they do latch on to that make one pick them out as Indian by an Indian. The simplicity and raw emotions and sufferings of the stories are what sets the stories in Interpreter of Maladies apart from other books in this genre.

Afterword

Mostly set at the time of the formation of Bangladesh and its separation from Pakistan, Interpreter of Maladies charts a very troubled time in Indian history. But its focus on individual suffering at a time of mass suffering etches that time into the mind of the reader. Because it becomes more personal and more vulnerable. Interpreter of Maladies is a must-read to give readers a fair introduction to Lahiri’s works. And also to understand the troubled time of India’s past through the lens of those worrying overseas. 

Continue Reading

Editor's Pick

Fear and Anxiety- Similar or Different

Understand if fear and anxiety are similar or different. Understand their features and also effectively manage them.

Published

on

Fear, anxiety, thoughts, feelings, response

Imagine an instance where you encounter a bear in a forest where you’re walking. What are the immediate thoughts that occur in your head? What’s the name of the feeling you experience? Is it fear or anxiety? Is it solely fear or solely anxiety? Or is it both? Let’s answer this question in the end. 

Fear and Anxiety seem very similar but are different at the same time. When asked about the distinct features between the two, you wouldn’t be able to answer immediately. To assess the differences between them we need to know what they exactly are. Fear is a response to stimuli, both real and perceived, where it activates the flight, fight or freeze response of the body. Anxiety is general apprehensions or preoccupations with situations that are subjective in nature. It may occur at any point with no immediate danger and is related to previous experiences and events.

Physiological Response To Fear & Anxiety

The physiological responses of anxiety and fear are similar but they do not overlap when they occur. The physiological response of fear is characterised by increased heart rate, increased blood pressure, fight, flight or freeze, sweating, muscle tension, pupil dilation, dry mouth and many more. The physiological responses to anxiety include fatigue, sleep disturbances, shallow breathing, headaches, gastrointestinal difficulties and many more. The differences in the physiological responses include the intensity of the responses where the reaction to fear is higher than to anxiety, while the highest rate of anxiety can also lead to a panic attack, we are talking about general anxiety in this context. Another difference in the response is the duration. The physiological response may be short-lived while the anxiousness is prolonged. 

A few instances where Fear and Anxiety can be differentiated are — You end up performing a major role at your school’s annual day. The fear can be explained as the feelings experienced when the actual situation of being on stage happens commonly known as “stage fright”. In contrast, anxiety is the days of sleeplessness leading up to the day when you perform on the stage. Another example can be when you think a robber has broken into your house. The reaction of fear is when you take action by holding a weapon in your hand and the reaction of anxiety is you double-checking the locks and being vigilant to noises around you at night. While thinking about these situations, fear and anxiety can be managed and controlled effectively.

Managing Fear 

To manage Fear we need to understand the triggers and take steps to avoid the intensity that may be harmful

  • Identify triggers effectively: If you understand that going to a heightened building might cause breathlessness because of your fear of heights, it might be best to acknowledge the trigger and avoid the situation entirely. This can help in understanding the triggers, and identifying them is the most productive way to avoid a large amount of emotional distress
  • Slowly work around these triggers: Systematic Desensitization is the most efficient method to deal with fear. It’s a process involving exposure to different degrees of fear starting from small to big. For example, if you have an extreme fear of Spiders, in Systematic desensitization you will be exposed to the smallest spider and once you’re over the fear of the smallest one, you will be exposed to a slightly bigger one and so forth until you are completely desensitized to the existence of spiders of any size around you. This hence proves to be an effective technique for fears and phobias and is mostly used by mental health professionals when people with phobias approach them. 
  • Breathing techniques: These techniques are characterised by controlling the flow of your breathing and relaxing your body which eventually leads to relaxing your mind as well. A few breathing techniques include deep breathing, breathing on rhythm and slow and steady inhalation and exhalation. While encountering a trigger that invokes fear, we might feel helpless and overwhelmed. When practising these techniques, the reaction can be optimised and controlled further leading to a lessening of the distress.

    Anxiety Management

    Anxiety can be prolonged in nature but it’s important to understand the emotional difficulties that can occur over time. Here are some of the ways anxiety can be managed:

    • Cognitive Behavioural Therapy: CBT is the go-to method many mental health professionals use to help people with anxiety. Its main goal is to change the negative thinking patterns and sets to achieve how you think. It believes that if you change the way you think, it can change the way you feel. Anxiety is rooted in negative thoughts and feelings and to tackle these, a viable change is required which CBT provides. For example, when a person with extreme social anxiety is helped with CBT as prescribed by the therapist, the person is required to understand the negative thoughts that are attributed to the social anxiety, and probe themselves with questions that are evidence-based like what’s the evidence that everyone hates me? and with several other methods, it changes their negative thinking patterns eventually. Here is a small video to help you understand Cognitive Behavioural Therapy better: 
      Credits: YouTube (Psych Hub)
      • Mindfulness: Mindfulness refers to the method that emphasises the importance of being in the present moment rather than being preoccupied by thoughts of the past or future. It’s composed of several techniques like meditation, yoga, walking, being in sync with all the senses, and many more. This is an extremely useful technique to deal with anxiety as the core of anxiety is being preoccupied with the past or the future. By being in the present moment through these techniques, you can cope with the ruminations which leads to healthy anxiety management.
      • Journaling: The importance of Journaling leads you to understand and process your thoughts, and emotions. It also helps you gain clarity on your anxious thoughts. Sometimes, a simple thing like writing down what you’re feeling can be the most effective method to deal with your anxiety. Journaling needs to also be consistent in nature as it also provides insights into the previous ways you’ve dealt with anxiety and shows your progress in dealing with it. Further, this method also leads you to calm yourself down and give perspectives from a rational point of view.

      Conclusion

      Therefore, we understand that the above problem of the bear is when you experience a fight, flight or freeze reaction which are the characteristics of fear and anxiety experienced when you are preoccupied with the thoughts of encountering a bear while you have your stroll in the forest. Since we understand the distinct differences between the two, we may be able to effectively label them for further experiences and use techniques accordingly to manage them. Fear and Anxiety correlate with each other and are normal feelings to occur. However, they are to be taken seriously if they somehow disrupt your daily functioning. There are several methods to overcome both Fear and Anxiety but it is enhanced when taken the help of a mental health professional.

      Continue Reading

      Editor's Pick

      Raja Ravi Varma and his Speaking Canvases

      Raja Ravi Varma and his paintings carry the essence of European technicalities and Indian sensibilities. Dive into the world of his work.

      Published

      on

      Raja Ravi Varma, Paintings, Indian, Works, artist

      The one whose paintings’ lithographs adorn the homes of most Indians (especially South Indians), the prints of whose paintings formed a major part of the puja room decor, the one whose works influenced the largest-selling comic series book of India – Amar Chitra Katha; the legendary iconic artist Raja Ravi Varma. Born in the mid-nineteenth century (02 April 1848) in Kilimanoor, Travancore (present-day Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala), Raja Ravi Varma was a royal descendant of an aristocratic family in Travancore. The title ‘Raja’ was conferred upon him by Lord Curzon – the Viceroy and Governor-General of India. 

      Credits: BBC

      He was one of the pioneers of fusion paintings. His style was to blend the technicalities and aesthetics of European paintings with the emotional sensibility, iconography and storytelling of Indian art. He made consistent and considerable efforts to revolutionise the vision Indian folk carried of the Gods and Goddesses. Earlier the picturisation of mythological characters and deities was more inclined towards their supernatural form. Raja Ravi Varma gave them a touch of human style. He focussed on the detailing of intricate designs of everything from fabrics and jewellery to furniture and artefacts. His paintings narrated stories, characters spoke of the social order and general social practices and backdrops radiated moods. 

      The next Maharaja of Travancore, Ayilyam Thirunal patronised Varma and he began his formal training thereafter. He was skilled in oil and water painting. He received his first commission painting in the year 1870 and the task was to paint a family portrait of the sub-judge of the Calicut Court – Kizakke Palat Krishnan Menon. Popularity and fame knocked at his door after an exhibition of his paintings in Vienna in 1873 fetched him an award. 

      Most of Raja Ravi Varma’s paintings revolved around the stories of Shakuntala and Dushyanta and Nala and Damayanti from the great Indian epic The Mahabharata. His paintings were also depictions of India’s folklore, ballads and stories from The Puranas. It is noteworthy that he received one of his most serious commissions from the Gaekwad of Baroda in the year 1888. The commission involved making fourteen Puranic paintings for the Durbar Hall of the new Lakshmi Vilas Palace, Baroda. This required immense authenticity and a spectacular Indian touch in his representation of the mythological deities and characters. With assistance from his sister Mangalabai Thampuratty and younger artist brother C Raja Raja Varma, he successfully crafted fourteen illustrations; all of them masterpieces depicting either Lord Krishna’s adventures from The Bhagavata Purana or stories from The Mahabharata or The Ramayana. 

      Credits: BBC

      Raja Ravi Varma was an artist who would consciously select themes, genres and mediums for his paintings. He would let the Western influence prevail but at the same time take care that it did not dominate his canvas; always keeping alive the spirit of Indian-ness in his work. Women, their ordeals, their beauty and their ornaments always held a special charm in Varma’s paintings. Women in traditional attire, women reclining in bed or women lost in thought formed a major part of his subjects. His brush strokes would paint costumes and pieces of jewellery with so much precision that they would look just like the original ones. 

      Credits: BBC

      He was the first Indian artist to popularise calendar art. In 1894, he also set up a press called the Ravi Varma Fine Arts Lithographic Press in Lonavala. This came as a revolutionary move in the historical and social sphere of India as the press put to use imported German machines and techniques. Lithographs started trending among the Indian people. Art could now be ‘owned’ by anyone; people started fetching more and more reproductions of paintings from the Indian markets.

      Raja Ravi Varma also brought to India certain significant international relations and accolades. He was honoured with an invitation to the World’s Columbian Exhibition at Chicago in 1893 where he showcased ten of his paintings. He was also in close relation with the German painter Fritz Schleicher who was the technical lead of the Raja Ravi Varma Fine Arts Press. Even when he became the owner of the press in 1903, he continued to spread the paintings of Raja Ravi Varma to the world. 

      Postcards also had imprints of Varma’s imageries. They were incorporated in advertisements, matchbox labels, textile prints and a whole lot of general everyday items found in Indian households. His work introduced fine arts to the general public of India. It made art accessible to everyone. Even after Raja Ravi Varma’s sad demise in 1906, his paintings went on to challenge perceptions and emerge as changemakers in the early twentieth-century society of India. 

      Many of his paintings form a part of the preserved collections of his works in the Lakshmi Vilas Palace, Baroda. His legacy continues to inspire generations of young artists and thinkers. His paintings transcend far beyond time and age. 

      Continue Reading
      Advertisement
      beauty standards, people, ugly, beautiful, standard
      Editor's Pick2 hours ago

      Beauty Standards: It’s Hard To Not Look Beautiful

      Idli Amma, poverty, children, short film, humanity
      Short Films1 day ago

      Idli Amma: Rs. 1 Idli For Any Hungry Soul

      Keshav Vaman Bhole, Bhole, Indian , Cinema, India, Music
      Editor's Pick2 days ago

      Remembering Keshav Vaman Bhole

      Sorrow, Lahiri, Indian, Interpreter of Maladies, reader
      Editor's Pick3 days ago

      Interpreter of Maladies: Sorrows That Are Hard to Notice & Forget

      Fear, anxiety, thoughts, feelings, response
      Editor's Pick3 days ago

      Fear and Anxiety- Similar or Different

      Raja Ravi Varma, Paintings, Indian, Works, artist
      Editor's Pick5 days ago

      Raja Ravi Varma and his Speaking Canvases

      creative block, environment, tips, strategies
      Editor's Pick6 days ago

      Creative Block: Tips & Strategies To Overcome It 

      Digital media, overuse, techniques, entirely
      Editor's Pick1 week ago

      Digital Media Overuse: What do you even mean?

      Madhu, Harish Tarun, Short Film, village, nandini
      Short Films1 week ago

      Madhu: A Short Film Inspired by Real Life Events 

      Vijaya Mulay, Indian, Film, Cinema, Education
      Editor's Pick1 week ago

      Remembering Vijaya Mulay

      Inamorata's Labyrinth, book, journey, satisfaction, reminds, fiction
      Editor's Pick1 week ago

      Inamorata’s Labyrinth: A Book For All The Things You Can’t Admit

      thoughts, negative, feeling, imposter, syndrome, psychological disorder
      Editor's Pick1 week ago

      Imposter Syndrome

      Rod Puppetry, rod puppets, puppetry, puppeteer, Indian art form, dying art
      Editor's Pick2 weeks ago

      Rod Puppetry: A Dying Art

      Shrikanth, Bolla, film, life, biography, bollywood, Shrikanth Bolla, Bollant Industries, Rajkumar Rao, Tushar Hiranandani
      Editor's Pick2 weeks ago

      Srikanth: When Running Is No Longer An Option

      Khat, Sameer Mishra, short film, life
      Short Films2 weeks ago

      Khat: What’s The Purpose of Your Life?

      Dr R Sathyanarayana, Scholar, Music, Dance, Mysore, Indian Classical Music
      Editor's Pick2 weeks ago

      Remembering Dr. R. Sathyanarayana

      Al Beruni, India, Abdur Razzak, Persia, history
      Vistas of Bharat : Indian Culture3 weeks ago

      Travellers’ Tales: Rediscovering Medieval Indian History Through Persian Literary Lenses

      Manch, Nayab Midha, Tape A Tale, Amandeep Singh, words
      Editor's Pick3 weeks ago

      Manch by Tape A Tale: A Global Poetry & Storytelling Event

      Short film, Vipin Malawat, Radio. Pankaj Rathee, Reduva, Rural
      Short Films3 weeks ago

      Reduva: A Tale of An Old Man and His Radio

      Satyajit Ray, Ray, Film , Storytelling, Pather Panchali,
      Editor's Pick3 weeks ago

      Satyajit Ray: Author And Filmmaker

      FOMO, JOMO, experiences, activities, joy
      Editor's Pick3 weeks ago

      From FOMO to JOMO

      International Dance Day, Dance, Moves, Indian, O Re Piya, Kathak, Traditional Dance, Folk Dance,
      Dance4 weeks ago

      Lively Dance Compilation: International Dance Day

      Parkinson's , Awareness, Parkinson's Disease, Support, Mental Health
      Editor's Pick4 weeks ago

      Parkinson’s Awareness Month 

      Brij Narayan, Sarod, Sarangi, Musicians, Classical Music
      Editor's Pick1 month ago

      Brij Narayan: Mastering the Melody of Sarod

      Social , Conformity, Pressure, Parents, Teenagers, Social Conformity
      Editor's Pick1 month ago

      Social Conformity in Teenagers

      World Book Day, writer, literary, gem, Indian writers
      Editor's Pick1 month ago

      5 Hidden Gems: Lesser Known Literary Gem of a Writer From India

      Stress Awareness Month, Stress, Children, Teenagers, Symptoms , Disorders
      Editor's Pick1 month ago

      Stress Awareness Month

      Short Films1 month ago

      Malota: A Filmfare Nominee Short Film

      Henry Louis Vivian Derozio, Indian, education, poetry, social reform
      Editor's Pick1 month ago

      Henry Louis Vivian Derozio: Bengali Social Reformer

      Twilight in Delhi, Ahmed Ali, Colonial, Delhi, Mr Nihal
      Editor's Pick1 month ago

      Twilight in Delhi by Ahmed Ali

      Strays, dogs, blacky, biki
      Editor's Pick1 month ago

      The Stray Dogs Tales: Rescue For A Cause

      therapeutic, alcohol use disorder, awareness, stigma, mental health
      Editor's Pick1 month ago

      Alcohol Use Disorder: Awareness and Affects on Mental Health

      BATTI, Social awareness, Short Films
      Short Films5 months ago

      “BATTI” – Award Winning Short Film

      Aranmula Kannadi, Mirror, Metal mirror, Kerala, Indian culture, Indian heritage
      Vistas of Bharat : Indian Culture4 months ago

      Aranmula Kannadi: Your True Reflection

      Megha Rao, Kamakshi Anand, Aaditya Pandey, Akif Kichloo
      Poetry5 months ago

      Young Instagram Poets To Feed Your Daily Mundane 

      Ganeshprasad Sridharan, thinkschool, quality education, indian education
      Interviews4 months ago

      Ganeshprasad Sridharan: Indian Education Redefined

      Indian parents, proud parents, half cake, birthday cake, financhial inequality
      Short Films4 months ago

      Half Cake: Every Dream Matters

      Combat of shadows, book review
      Editor's Pick5 months ago

      “Combat of Shadows” by Manohar Malgonkar

      Standup, Comedy, Bassi, Shreya Priyam Roy, Sangeeta Reddy
      Standup6 months ago

      Hilarious Stand-Up Shows for A Guaranteed Laughter

      Social evils, social prejudice, class divide, caste divide, short film, education, YouTube
      Short Films5 months ago

      Chi Chi (Dirty): Turning a Blind Eye to Social Prejudices by Choice

      Clay art, small business, jewellery, Instagram, Charms, clay artist
      Art & Craft6 months ago

      Clay Artists For That Perfect Insta Glam or Kawaii Charm

      Buddhadeb Bosu: Modernist Bengali Poet and Author
      Editor's Pick6 months ago

      Throwback Thursday: Buddhadeb Bosu – Modernist Bengali Poet and Author

      Self Love, toxicity, judging oneself
      Editor's Pick6 months ago

      Adjusting the Lamp Called Life To Love Yourself A Little More 

      Indian Actor, Pradeep Kumar
      Editor's Pick5 months ago

      Remembering Pradeep Kumar – The Iconic Actor of Indian Cinema

      Raj Kapoor, Indian Cinema
      Editor's Pick5 months ago

      Raj Kapoor: The Revolutionary of Indian Cinema

      Telegu writer, TBT, Vedam Venkataraya Sastry, Sanskrit writer, Poet, Indian artist, traditionalist
      Editor's Pick5 months ago

      Vedam Venkataraya Sastry: A True Traditionalist

      Ramapada Chowdhury, Bengali Literature, Bengali, Literature
      Editor's Pick5 months ago

      Throwback Thursday: Ramapada Chowdhury, The Voice of Bengali Literature

      Sangam Literature, Tamil literature, Indian literature, three sangams, indigenous, endemic, literature, Indian History
      Vistas of Bharat : Indian Culture4 months ago

      Exploring The Golden Age of Tamil Literature: The Sangam Period

      Remixes and Mashups of 2023
      Rewind5 months ago

      Rewinding the Beats : Remixes and Mashups of 2023

      Dancer, Bharatnatyam, Abhinayam, Journey, Second Chance, Indian dancer
      Editor's Pick6 months ago

      Kalanidhi Narayanan: Give Yourself A Second Chance

      2024, Happy New Year, resolutions
      Editor's Pick5 months ago

      Cheers to 2024: New Year, Mindful You

      Anant Ladha, Interview, Content Creator, Invest Aaj For kal, Finfluencer, Financial Literacy, Finance
      Interviews3 months ago

      Anant Ladha: A Man With A Mission

      Lakshadweep, Maldives, Island
      Editor's Pick5 months ago

      Lakshadweep – An Artistic Tapestry with Island Elegance

      Fashion Trends, Fashion, Rewind 2023
      Rewind5 months ago

      Rewind 2023: Fashion Trends That Defined India

      Book Review, TTI Bookshelf, Padmavati, Kamla Das
      Editor's Pick6 months ago

      Padmavati, The Harlot and Other Stories by Kamala Das

      Ram Mandir, Nagara Style, Architecture
      Editor's Pick4 months ago

      Ram Mandir of Ayodhya – A Splendour of Nagara Architecture

      Indian Christmas, Jerry Pinto , Madhulika Liddle
      Editor's Pick5 months ago

      “Indian Christmas”: An Anthology of Celebrations

      Book Review, Nirad C chaudhuri
      Editor's Pick4 months ago

      The Autobiography of an Unknown Indian by Nirad C. Chaudhuri

      India 2023, Rewind 2023, Rewind
      Rewind5 months ago

      Rewind 2023: India 2023

      Michael Madhusudhan Dutt, Literature,
      Editor's Pick4 months ago

      Michael Madhusudan Dutt: A Pioneer With An English Heart

      Retelling of Indian Epics, Ramayana, Mahabharata, Rewind
      Rewind5 months ago

      Rewind 2023: Retelling of Indian Epics – Forgotten POVs

      Festive Feasts, Pongal, Bihu, and Lohri
      Editor's Pick4 months ago

      Pongal, Bihu, and Lohri: Traditional Dishes and Festive Feasts

      Christmas Blues, Yuletide Shadows
      Editor's Pick5 months ago

      Shades of Christmas Blues: Navigating the Yuletide Shadows

      Food Bloggers On Instagram
      Creators4 months ago

      Feasts in Frames: Unveiling the World of Instagram Food Bloggers

      Ankit Kawatra
      Business Corner5 years ago

      The Inspiring Journey Of Feeding India’s Ankit Kawatra

      The Untold
      Short Films5 years ago

      “The Untold” Words In A Love Story Of Two Best Friends

      Whistling Woods International, Doliyaan, Preksha Agarwal, Trimala Adhikari, Seema Azmi
      Short Films5 years ago

      A Whistling Woods International Production: Doliyaan

      Raat Baaki Baat Baaki, Jackie Shroff, Divyansh Pandit, Wild Buffaloes Entertainment, Filmfare
      Short Films5 years ago

      Raat Baaki Baat Baaki with Jackie Shroff and Divyansh Pandit

      Ami Mishra, Mohammed Rafi, Ehsaan Tera, Unplugged Cover, Anchal Singh
      Entertainment5 years ago

      Ehsaan Tera : Unplugged Cover by Ami Mishra Ft. Anchal Singh

      Plus Minus, Baba Harbajan Singh, Bhuvan Bam, Divya Dutta, Sikhya Entertainment
      Short Films6 years ago

      Plus Minus: A Tribute To The Unsung Hero Major Harbhajan Singh

      Mashaal, The Forgotten Soldiers,The Jokers' Project, Manisha Swarnkar, Independence Day
      Music6 years ago

      Mashaal : The Forgotten Soldiers By The Jokers’ Project Ft. Manisha Swarnkar

      Bhuvan Bam, Safar, Single, Original, Bhuvan Bam Safar, Artist, BB Ki Vines
      Entertainment6 years ago

      Safar: An Original by Bhuvan Bam Portraying Story of an Artist

      Navaldeep Singh, The Red Typewriter, Short Film, Love Story, Touching Story
      Short Films6 years ago

      The Red Typewriter : A Touching Love Story by Navaldeep Singh

      Dilbaro, Saloni Rai, Cover, Raazi, Alia Bhatt
      Music6 years ago

      ‘Dilbaro’ From ‘Raazi Mellifluously Sung by Saloni Rai

      Meri Maa, Musical, Short Film, Tarannum Mallik, Abhinay, Mother's Day
      Short Films6 years ago

      ‘Meri Maa’ : A Musical Short Film Ft. Tarannum & Abhinay

      Meri Maa ki Beti, Niharika Mishra, Poetry, Maa
      Poetry6 years ago

      ‘Meri Maa Ki Beti’ : A Poetic Portrayal by Niharika Mishra

      Call Center Ke Call Boy Ki Kahani, Rakesh Tiwari, Tafreeh Peshkash, Poetry
      Poetry6 years ago

      ‘Call Center Ke Call Boy Ki Kahani’ by Rakesh Tiwari

      Kajender Srivastava, Jawaab, Poetry, Poem
      Poetry6 years ago

      ‘Jawaab’ : A Poetic Awakening by Kajender Srivastava

      Tribute to Avicii, Indian Dancers, Avicii, Amit K Samania, Prakrati Kushwaha
      Dance6 years ago

      Tribute to Avicii By Indian Dancers Amit & Prakrati

      Semal
      Music6 years ago

      Mashup of ‘Treat You Better’ & ‘Mann Bharrya’ by Semal and Bharti

      Ankit Kholia
      Entertainment6 years ago

      Reminiscing Classics In Ankit Kholia’s Mellifluous Voice

      Sang Hoon Tere, Bhuvan Bam, Bhuvan, BB Ki Vines
      Entertainment6 years ago

      Sang Hoon Tere : Bhuvan Bam’s Original Single

      Aranya Johar, Spoken Word, Performance, Brown Girl
      Poetry6 years ago

      “Why be biased to complexions?” Aranya Johar Questions

      Music6 years ago

      Acoustic Version of Tere Mere Song by Dhvani Bhanushali

      Tere Jaisa Yaar Kahan, Short Film
      Short Films6 years ago

      Tere Jaisa Yaar Kahan : A Tale of Two Best Friends

      Music7 years ago

      “Naino Se”: An Orginal Composition by Pushpendra Barman

      Knox Artiste
      Music7 years ago

      14 Songs on 1 Beat Ft. Knox Artiste

      Aranya Johar, India, Social change, women empowerment, poet
      Poetry7 years ago

      Aranya Johar: A Voice for Change in India – ‘To India: With Love’

      Rony Dasgupta at SpringBoard
      Interviews7 years ago

      The Comic Genius: Rony Dasgupta from The Rawknee Show

      Harshwardhan Zala, Entrepreneur, Drones
      Business Corner7 years ago

      A 14 Year Old’s Journey to Making Drones : Harshwardhan Zala

      Kshitiz Verma, musician, Bollywood, Mashup, singer
      Music7 years ago

      15 Songs in One Beat: Bollywood Mashup by Kshitiz Verma

      RealShit, Rapid Fire, YouTube Creator, Interview, Piyush Bansal, Deepak Chauhan, Shubham Gandhi
      Interviews7 years ago

      Exclusive Rapid Fire With The Trio That Redefined Vines : RealShit

      Yahya Bootwala, Yahya, Bootwala, Love, Poetry, Spill Poetry
      Poetry7 years ago

      Making Sense Of The Age-Old Question of What Is Love?

      Short Film, Mumbai, Police, Mumbai Police, Wild Buffaloes Entertainment, Karta Tu Dharta Tu
      Short Films7 years ago

      Karta Tu Dharta Tu: A Heartfelt Ode to Mumbai Police

      Harsh Beniwal, Rapid Fire
      Interviews7 years ago

      Exclusive Rapid Fire With The Master of Vines: Harsh Beniwal

      Sejal Kumar, Sejal, SRCC, Fashion, Influencer
      Interviews7 years ago

      Sejal Kumar : From being an SRCC Graduate to a successful YouTuber

      Trending