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Vistas of Bharat : Indian Culture

The Role of Musicians, Painters, Dancers During India’s Freedom Struggle

Presenting painters, dancers, and musicians and their unique productions as weapons during India’s freedom struggle

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Amrit Mahotsav

We’ve grown up learning that it was the revolts, the marches and protests which were an integral part of the India’s freedom struggle. However, a large amount of resistance and revolution began with the creative productions of music, dance, and paintings. Art has been a powerful tool of dissent and revolution. Many musicians, painters and dancers used their art to vocalize colonial India and its struggles, injustices and despairs.

We bring many of these hidden and unknown artists of colonial India and their patriotic art, which spoke loudly of the patriotic and nationalist sentiments, uniting everyone.

Singing The Country’s Blues: Musicians of Colonial India

During the 19th century, Indians wanted to identify the symbols of cultural identity in the face of a rising culture consciousness. This is where ‘Hindustani Music’ ventured in. Musician Vishnu Digambar Paluskar along with V.N. Bhatkhande founded the Akhil Bharatiya Gandharva Mahavidyalaya in 1901, which was the turning point in the modern era of Hindustani Classical music. Atul Prasad Sen was a Bengali musician and a composer who contributed immensely to the field of Bengali music. He took part in the work of ‘Harijan Uddhav’ promoted by Gandhi. His patriotic pieces, ‘hao dharmete dhir, hao karmete bir’ (be a hero of religion, be a hero of action), and ‘utha go bharat laksmi’ (Wake up, India), are worth mentioning. Dwijendra Lal Roy, another musician and a poet, envisioned a new India which was strong in values, culture, and economy. He wrote songs along with the same ideas, which harnessed the patriotic spirit of Bengal. Rajanikanta Sen was another musician who contributed to Bengali music. During the partition of Bengal, when the Bengali leaders boycotted British goods and products and only buy/sell the clothes manufactured by Indians, he penned the following lines: “My brothers, please accept the coarse clothing offered by your mother. As this is all your poor mother(nation) can afford.” The song became popular across the state of Bengal and boosted the Swadeshi movement.

Kavi Pradip is most famously known for his patriotic song, ‘Ae Mere Watan Ke Logo.’ Another of his most loved patriotic songs was, ‘Ek Naya Sansar Basalen,’ which was also included in the 1941 movie, ‘Naya Sansar.’ The song became the ringing calls for an independent India. Dilip Kumar’s soulful rendition of Vande Mataram with Bharat Ratna M.S. Subbulakshmi in the 1930s captivated the masses and freedom fighters alike. Some of his other compositions include Bharat Amar Bharat Amar, Amar Moloyo Batashe and Banga Amar Janani Amar, which were important inspirational pieces of India’s freedom struggle.

The Canvas and The Sculptors of India’s Freedom Struggle

Ramkinkar Baij, often when he used to return home, drew paintings of the freedom fighters he saw there. Devi Prasad Roy Choudhary was an Indian sculptor from Bengal, remembered for his sculptures inspired by the Indian freedom struggle. He has frozen and immortalised some of the core moments of Indian history. At the Shahid Samarak (Martyrs Memorial) in Patna, one can find Roy Chowdhury’s sculpture of the students who lost their life during the Indian freedom struggle. The ‘Gyarah Murti’ in Delhi is a tribute to Gandhi and his ideals of nonviolence. 

Prodosh Das Gupta formed the Calcutta Group which believed in an art that was universal in character and free from older values. The authenticity of Indian culture and Indian philosophy deeply inspired him, and along with the Calcutta group, he incorporated this very fabric of India into his sculptors and other artistic creations. Gopal Ghose, under the leadership of Prodosh Gupta, also created art, inspired and rooted in Indian aesthetics and philosophy. During the 1940s, the artist transformed his style of art a little and produced sketches of the infamous man-made famine of 1943 in Bengal. 

Nirode Mazumdar led the modernist art movement during the 1940s. He created a series of paintings inspired by the widespread famine, one of which was titled ‘Anath’ (1944), which depicted homeless and starving children. Paritosh Sen found his creative energies inspired by recollections of a past world and the attempts to comprehend the present. Apart from paintings, his caricatures reflected strong underlying socio-political shades. Somnath Hore was a sculptor and printmaker, born in 1921. The subject of his art was dominated by the sufferings of the man. He extensively covered the horrific consequences of the 1943 famine, World War II, and the Japanese bombings on Bengal. The weeping mothers, starved children, dead animals, isolated village streets, etc., were spotlighted in his socially realistic paintings of pre-partition India. Chittaprosod Bhattacharya’s best work was his visual reportages on the Bengal famine in 1943–1944. He documented the British imposed famine through sketches, texts and linocuts. This Revolutionary popular art was a means to mobilise the masses. 

Asit Kumar Haldar was the grandnephew of Rabindranath Tagore. He belonged to the first generation of painters and sculptors from the Neo-Bengal School of Art. He brought the rich cultural heritage of India into his paintings. Haldar painted a whole series of 32 paintings based on the Buddha. A collection of episodes from Indian history on thirty canvases, illustrations of Omar Khayyam’s verses, interpretations of the stories in the Mahabharata, etc. all became a subject of his paintings. 

Benode Behari Mukherjee‘s popular creation was the mural called Mediaeval Saints, which he made on the walls of Hindi Bhavana in Shantiniketan around the eve of India’s Independence from colonial rule. The mural charted the history of medieval India through the lives of Tulsi Das, Kabir and others, and emphasized on their humane teachings. N.S. Bendre covered landscapes and figurative paintings but along with that also explored multiple ways of combining cubist, expressionist, and abstract genres from Western Modernism into his own work which stemmed from Indian formalism. One of his paintings of the Quit India Movement maidan captured the intensity of the freedom struggle and the unity of India.

Sunayani Devi was unfairly removed from the history of Indian painters. She was the younger sister of Abanindranath Tagore and Gaganendranath Tagore. She was a self-taught artist, often found spying on her brothers and tutored herself by watching them. Her subject of art surrounded women at their toilet, dolls, players, actors and themes from the mythic Radha-Krishna cycle. She was an important member of the Swadeshi movement art who brought Indian painting styles like Mughal miniatures and ancient Jain paintings into the limelight. 

Mukul Dey is the pioneer of Drypoint Etching. He travelled around in the West to study art and printmaking techniques. Upon returning to India, Dey had a bulk of new western techniques at his hand. With this knowledge, Dey modernised Indian art and its rich artistic heritage in favour of the rising Swadeshi movement in the country. He dedicated his life to the artistic revival of Indian art. Kalipada Ghoshal was also one of the Swedish painters. He was the last successor of Abanindranath Tagore. As a well-regarded student of the Indian Society of Oriental Art, Kalipada Ghosh produced some of the finest and intricate paintings of his time. Some of his prominent artworks are Shakuntala, Persian night, Hara Parvati, Budha and Rahul, Series on Krishna, Series on Buddha etc.

The Swadeshi painters rejected the western art forms, and by reviving the mythological and pre-colonial tales of India through art, they aimed at decolonizing India from the grasp of the British Raj.

Dancing The Rhythm For a Free India

Dancer Yog Sunder’s self-effacing dance productions made him very popular. During the pre-independence period, Yog was a regular participant in the nationalist movements. He produced and directed many well reputed dance productions. Collaborating and partnering with other dancers and actresses, he started the Indian Progressive Ballet Group in Calcutta in 1947. The Group had everyone in awe with the production of their well reputed programmes. Prominent among them are Birth of Freedom, Freedom Festival, Mahabharata, Voice from Beyond, Dances of India, Rhythms of India, Kiratarjun, Chandalika, Call of the Country, Rhythms and Melody, Ramlila, The Lore of India, etc.

Y.G. Srimati was not only a dancer, but along with that, a musician and a painter. She was born in the year 1926, and from a young age, she had started her classical training in music, dance and paintings. Post 1847, Srimati was invited to a number of independence rallies where she sang devotional songs. She had also sung bhajans next to Gandhi at many of his rallies. This she did in different languages to highlight the cultural and patriotic unity amongst the citizens of India, a value that Mahatma Gandhi deeply preached. Her paintings are a result of the influence of the heated independence struggle. She had explored major themes surrounding Indian religious epic literature and rural culture as a conscious expression of nationalist sentiments. Her paintings were also displayed at the MET.

Art and its expressions played a huge role in pushing the patriotic sentiments during India’s freedom struggle. The pre-independent Indian painters, musicians, and dancers added more density to the movement, and were equal participants in the fight against the colonial rule.

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Vistas of Bharat : Indian Culture

Rabindra Sangeet Melodiocious Covers To Elevate Your Day

Lend your ears to these musical arists bringing Rabindra Sangeet live for us. Popular Bengali composition to percieve the essence of lyrics.

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Rabindra Sangeet

Rabindra Sangeet, a collaboration of Tagore’s unreal lyricism and paired with some beautiful vocals makes you enter a state of bliss. Bengali songs carry so much essence of what the song tries to convey and the artist never fails to portray what exactly is supposed to be delivered. A set of extremely talented artists covering Rabindra Sangeet in their own ways. A beautiful tribute to Tagore to cherish the legacy he has left behind for generations to be grateful and proud of. A little recollection of Tagore’s lyrics as we sit back, and watch the artists showcasing a beautiful synchronisation. Covers making a point, that music is for all regardless of any barriers. 

Ami Tomaro Shonge Bedhechi – Raj Barman

The rhythm just delicately sways you away. A melody so pleasing to ears apart from that the accompanied by Raj Barman’s vocal and Bengali lyrics just manage to make your day. The ambience created throughout the video beautifully complements the music. And the lyrics by Rabindra leave you enthralled with so much grace, Barman’s cover only adds more to this already existent blissful song. 

Credits : YouTube Raj Barman

Tumi Robe Nirobe – Sanam

Tumi Robe Nirobe, originally sung by Indrani Sen. The entire vocal and instruments team have done a spectacular job doing justice to this song. The feeling of longing dripped out with every word uttered. A cheerful outlook for lasting hope and a magical delightful night. The videography with nature around and the artist completely invested in the song creates an environment to cherish and reflect. Sanam Puri gives an amazing performance while singing, and truly bringing the song to life. 

Credits: YouTube Sanam

Tribute To Tagore, Medley – TagoreCovers

A medley made to bless your ears, a collaborative performance by Avik Deb, Adrina Jamilee, Nashroh Naziat, Sharad Protiti and Shuvanon Rajit. The melding of all different voices into a wave, crystal clear and transparent as if the melody and lyrics completely engulf you. A collaboration bringing out the essence of the music as well as a perfect way to offer a tribute to Tagore. This tribute is a perfect honour and appreciation of the rooted art in our culture. The delivery of the song and lyrics generates an empathy where you feel the essence of the song and its lyricism. 

Credits: YouTube TagoreCovers

Jagorane Jay Bibhabori – Debolinaa Nandy

Jagorane Jay Bibhabori covered by Debolinaa Nandy sways you away with her phenomenal voice. Her pronunciation and vocals will make you listen to this cover over and again. The beauty of Rabindra sangeet makes you realise the talent and authenticity so pure rooted in our culture. Debolinaa’s voice paired up with varied instruments like flute, guitar and keyboard does a spectacular job backing her vocals as well as a perfect musical element complimenting Debolinaa’s voice. The use of the flute just makes the entire performance, one you’ll never forget. The sweetness of love flows easily when Bibhabori makes this song her own.

Credits: YouTube Debolinaa Nandy
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Music

Folk Songs That Kindle Domestic Felicity

We have all grown up listening to folk tales and folk songs. Let’s know more about the folk songs that filled joy in our childhood.

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Folk Music, Folk Songs

Folk songs are as eminent as classical songs when we talk about the culture of a nation. They are what cascade from the heart of a layman, not professionally trained singers. Folk songs form the warm blanket that preserves the regional culture and thus is different and, in opinion, more important than the representative culture of a nation.

The Bhajans, which are devotional songs dedicated to either to a deity or to spirituality, are inherited from the Vedic era. Kirtans have the same themes as Bhajans, but they’re more narrative. The tradition of folk songs is not new but dates back to 1500 BC. Amongst the earliest forms of folk songs are the Pandavanis dating back to the times of Mahabharat. Owing to the vast culture of India, the list of varieties of folk songs is never-ending. Every state preserves its culture. Within a state, every district preserves it and why not say every house has a folk culture too? However, we will try mentioning all the major folk songs.

Borgeets of Assam are a collection of lyrical songs. Moreover, Borgeets also have religious themes and are even a part of monastery rituals. Bihugeet of Assam are the songs presented in the Bihu festival of the state. Lavani is a very popular folk tradition of Maharashtra. Known for its powerful rhythm, Lavani is most often performed to the beats of Dholki. Similarly, Mahiya is the folk tradition of Punjab, Bhavgeet of Karnataka, Kummi Patu from Tamil Nadu and Tamang Selo is that of Nepal. The Bauls of Bengal were the mystic heterogenous sect of singers that influenced many people during the 18th and 19th century.

Like there are regional dialects, similarly, there are regional songs. Just like talking to a person in a regional dialect exhilarates us, similarly, folk songs keep us exhilarated by letting us enjoy our idiosyncrasies despite of the common origin.

Here are some mesmerizing songs that might give you a peek into the diversified culture of India.

Credits – YouTube Times Music Assamese
Credits – YouTube USP TV
Credits – YouTube THE MODERN FOLK NOTE
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Vistas of Bharat : Indian Culture

Carnatic Music: The Unaltered Cultural Heritage

In the days of pop and EDM music give your ears a change with the pleasing sound of Carnatic music.

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Carnatic Music

The classical music of India is popular for the aesthetic pleasure it offers the listeners. However, in ancient times, music wasn’t limited to just a medium of pleasure but also associated with spirituality. Thus, we should not complain about the scrupulously formed structure of classical music.

One of the subgenres of classical Indian music is Carnatic Music. Its origins are credited to the southern part of the nation. Like other classical music genres of ancient India, the Sama Veda is believed to be the instructing medium for the formulation of Carnatic Music, including the contributions of the hymns of Rig Veda. This genre of music unlike the Hindustani music, remains true to its roots even today and enjoys the same structural aestheticism as it enjoyed in allusions of the early ancient texts. The music remains unsusceptible to the ravages of time.

The History

It was in the 16th century when Carnatic music flourished and diffused vastly its fragrance in the historic city of Ancient India, Vijayanagara. A poet and composer of the same era, Purana Das, contrived a lesson plan for teaching Carnatic music, which survives even in modern times. Purana Das is also referred to be the father of Carnatic music. Talking about the ancient laureates of Carnatic music, we should not risk missing the “Trinity of Carnatic music” who were the finest musicians and composers of the genre, namely Tyagaraja, Muthuswami Dikshitar and Syama Sastri.

The Four Elements of Carnatic Music

This form of music meticulously focuses on the four founding elements, Sruti (pitch), Swara (note), Raag (melody) and Taal (metre). The singing or the kayak is the prime part of this genre of classic music, which is backed up by the instruments like violin, tambura, mridangam. Sometimes, it also includes veena, flute and other instruments supporting the composition.

We have inherited this beauty of culture as a blessing from our musician ancestors, who laid it and passed on to the progeny. They preserved and carried it to the modern day and it is now for us to let their endeavours survive eternity.

Here are two astounding performances of Carnatic music for you to enjoy.

Credits – YouTube Bharatiya Samagana Sabha
Credits – YouTube Darbarfestival
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Vistas of Bharat : Indian Culture

Amrit Mahotsav: India’s Freedom Struggle Is A Palette Of All Colours

Happy 75th Independence Day! This Amrit Mahotsav, lets look back at the inspiring freedom struggle and India’s growth story.

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Amrit Mahotsav

Today, on Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav, India celebrates its 75th Independence day! 75 years before, on this same day, the land of diversity won against the brutal colonial rule of the Britishers. The land which was occupied by the British raj was finally relieved of its barbarity. For almost 200 years, India struggled for freedom. The west tried to shackle the country and drain it off not only its precious resources but also the will of the people. The journey which lasted for two centuries was dark and smothered with the blood of millions, but soon found the shining end of the tunnel, which was only possible through the tight gripped hands clasped with each other, which refused to break and give up. 

The Struggle For India’s Independence Is Inspirational

“Sarfarosh Ki Tamanna Ab Humaare Dil Mein Hai

Ramprasad Bismil 

In 200 years of war, famine, revolution, struggle, and injustice, the Indians rebelled back in different ways, with different mights. Men, women, children, nobody was spared of the British raj, and the exploitative rules and regulations. In the midst of muffled cries and deafening silences, the people marched on, protested, and resisted. In the mixed air of the revolution also arose poetry, drama, writing, journalism, sloganeering, and shayaris, not only as weapons of tools but also as rays of hope and promises in the hearts of the people. 

The relentless persistence of the freedom fighters is inspiring. The unwavering grit and determination which fuelled them are the foundational pillars of the country. They weren’t just fighting off the white rule but also building a vision of India they wanted to see–one which was devoid of poverty, hunger, communalism and inhumanity. 

The social reformers and revolutionists, while also contributing to the nationalist movements, were also actively working towards education, clean drinking water, abolishment of taboo activities like sati, child marriage and caste discrimination. We all should be proud of their devoted and unparalleled love for their country and its citizens. The freedom fighters of India remain our ideals and ancestors to look up to.

Credits: YouTube (BYJU’S)

India’s Growth Throughout The Years

Most of the manifestations of an India that our freedom fighters dreamed of has been achieved, and some are still in the progress. The India we live in today is quite different from the one during independence. In science, technology, education and infrastructure, the country has seen tremendous growth, and more building blocks are being added to it. The mangalyaan mission is one of those historic events in post-independence India which proves the country’s growth and abilities.

The country has excelled in art and culture. It has produced commendable movies and given birth to exceptional actors like Deepika Padukone and Priyanka Chopra who’ve carried the reins of the country outside in the west. Poets like Gulzar, and singers like A.R. Rahman have won the Academy Awards. The classical and folk dances of India are deeply revered and admired for their grace and rhythm.

The history of this soil is deeply enriched with a love mixed of uncountable backgrounds and beliefs, and yet, only together can it continue to spread its wings even further. Wishing every Indian, Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav.

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Vistas of Bharat : Indian Culture

The Unsung Heroes Of India’s Independence Movement

The celebration of India’s 75th independence is incomplete without remembering the unsung heroes and their unaccounted contribution

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Freedom Fight

India is celebrating Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav to celebrate its 75 years of Independence and growth. There were freedom fighters from every nook and corner of the country who fought the colonial forces with their every breath. Lives were taken and lives were given for the freedom of this land. History has recorded this valiant two decade long fight for independence. However, not every name and every life could be written down. India’s freedom struggle is incomplete without remembering every person who led and participated for India’s swaraj and freedom. Through the Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, the government has tried to bring the names of the unsung heroes into view, so they could be celebrated for their patriotism, courage and determination. Here’s a small list of the lesser known freedom fighters, in other words, our unsung heroes, and their contribution to India’s independence. 

The Power of Journalists

Mohammad Ali was a journalist. He launched his famous weekly The Comrade, in English, which gained quick circulation and influence. The Comrade criticised the plight of Muslims globally and in India at the hands of the British. Vishnushastri Krushnashastri Chiplunkar was another unsung hero, a Marathi writer. He was the editor of many periodicals, out of which the most influential was Nibandhmala. Keeping Marathi literature in the loop, he produced and wrote several writings which were politically loud to address various social injustices. Freedom fighter T. Prakasham was born in 1872, in the Guntur district of present-day Andhra Pradesh. He released a newspaper titled, ‘Swarajya’ in three languages- English, Tamil and Telugu. The newspaper was his platform to express his ground level politics. Hasrat Mohani’s name has primarily stayed out of India’s freedom fighters consciousness, even though he fought with his whole demeanour and heart. He coined one of the most popular revolutionary slogans, ‘Inqilab Zindabad!’ Bhagat Singh and his comrades spread the use of this slogan. He started a literary-politic journal named, ‘Urdu-i Mualla. Maghfoor Ahmad Ajazi was a young political activist who left his studies to participate in national movements. He formed the All-India Jamhur Muslim League to counter Jinnah’s All-India Muslim League, as he was strongly opposed against the two-nation proposal. Sir Subbier Subramania Iyer was an Indian lawyer, jurist and journalist who, along with Annie Besant, founded the Home Rule Movement. He also started a press called the ‘National Press’ and issued a weekly journal called the ‘Hindu.’ Subramania is the founder and the first editor of the Hindu newspaper. Most of his written works and journals focused on social and educational reforms. Kasturi Ranga Iyenagar too contributed towards ‘The Hindu’, because he was a staunch believer in free speech. He became its editor in 1905. He guided the newspaper, and under his watch, the newspaper became a powerful tool for the national cause. Iyenagar didn’t have any previous experience of being a journalist, and yet, he did a perfect job! Sisir Kumar Ghosh is a well known Bengali journalist and an avid freedom fighter. He, along with Motilal Ghosh, founded the one of the oldest newspapers of India, the Amrita Bazar Patrika, a Bengali language newspaper, which developed into an English format in cities of Calcutta, Allahabad, etc. Vladimir Lenin described it as “The best nationalist paper in India”. The newspaper got instant popularity because it covered real and raw coverage of the injustices of the British Raj. K. Ramakrishna Pillai was a nationalist writer and journalist. He was the editor of ‘Swadeshabhimani,’ (The Patriot). The newspaper became an unstoppable tool against the British raj and led to a massive social transformation. The paper attacked the Diwan of Travancore (present day Kerala) of ‘corruption and immorality’ and criticised the age-old customs and malpractices. He appealed to the people to unite and demand self-government. All of this led to the confiscation of Swadeshabhimani and his exile from Kerala in 1910.

Finding Strength and Voice in Literature

Bharatendu Harishchandra was an Indian poet, writer and a playwright. His words were best known for their commentary on the British raj. His story Andher Nagari (A city of darkness) had the lines, “Andher Nagari, Chaupat Raja, taka ser bhaaji, take ser khaja”, (A dark city, a failing king, a penny for sweets and a penny for onion rings). These lines were an allegory and pointed out a city falling into darkness due to the lack of sound administration, a direct condemnation of The British Raj and its destructive ignorant rules. Fakir Mohan Senapati, along with a writer, was also a social reformer. One of his prominent novels highlighting the Indian freedom Struggle is the ‘Chhaman Atha Guntha’ (Six Bighas of the Land). It is the first Indian novel to deal with the exploitation of landless peasants by a feudal Lord in British India. Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay was a Bengali novelist and a short story writer. His writings vividly portrayed the social struggles and tragedy prevailing in Bengal, more specifically in Bengali villages. His 1926 novel, Pather Dabi, is about a secret society named Pather Dabi, whose goal is to free India from British rule. Tarasankar Bandyopadhyay was a dedicated freedom fighter. He dropped out of his college to join the non-cooperation movement. His writing skills allowed him to express his rage more coherently and to a large audience. The themes of his writings revolved around communal riots, war, famine, economic inequalities, the independence movement, social conditions, etc. Known by his pen name, Parshad, Shyamlal Gupta etched his name onto the land of India with his song, Azadi Ki Raah Par, (sung by Sarojini Naidu). Azadi Ki Raah Par is the flag song of India and is sung every year when India’s flag is hoisted at the Independence and Republic Day celebrations.

Makhanlal Chaturvedi was one of the lesser known freedom fighters. Chaturvedi didn’t hesitate to write against the hypocrisy of the colonial masters and spread the ideas and values for an exploitation-free, happy and peaceful India. Few of his stories like ‘Him Kirtini’, ‘Him Tarangini’, ‘Kaisa Chhand Banaa Deti hei’, ‘Amar Rashtra’ and ‘Pushp ki Abhilaasa’ empathised with the life of a common man and his struggles at the hands of the Britishers. Subhadra Kumari Chauhan was recognised as the first woman satyagrahi of the country. She penned the most recited poems of Hindi literature—Jhansi Ki Rani. (“Khoob ladi mardaani voh toh Jhansi wali Rani thi.”) Moreover, her poems voiced the poor plight of the Indian women and the evils of the caste system. Ramesh Chandra Jha is the pride of Bihar. At a young age, he became well acquainted with the freedom struggle. He organised a student protest at school, which gave him a tag of ‘criminal minded boy.’ He was suspended for organising it. As a poet, novelist, and a journalist, Ramesh Chandra covered stories of both people’s struggles, along with their dreams and hopes. Some of his published patriotic works are ‘Bharat Desh Humara,’ ‘Jai Bharat Jai Gandhi, Jai Bolo Hindustan Ki,’ ‘Jawaan Jagte Raho,’ ‘Chalo-Dilli’ and ‘Priyamvada.’

Radhanath Ray is hailed as the Father of Odia Modernism. Initially, he wrote in both Bengali and Odia. However, later, he shifted to Odia completely. One of his notable songs during the heated nationalist movement was the song “Sarbesang No Janani,” which was filled with patriotic sentiments. Radhanath Ray sparked an impetus for the Odia language in the face of Bengali language which was being actively advocated by the Britishers. Bhai Vir Singh is the father of modern Punjabi Literature who brought the Sikh history to the front lines. For his pioneering work for the Sikh community, he was granted the title of ‘Bhai,’ and the ‘creator’ of Modern Punjabi literature. During the ongoing freedom struggle, Bhai Vir Singh brought the stories and struggles of the Sikh Village folk to light. He wrote poems on freedom and patriotism. Shabbir Hassan Khan Josh Mahilabadi was one of the lesser known freedom fighters, an unsung hero. Some of his poems were ‘In the name of the sons of the East India Company,’ ‘Revolt,’ ‘The Broken Walls of the Jail’, ‘Dreams of Defeated Prisoner’ etc. which attacked Britishers and their atrocities. Garimella Satyanarayana was another unsung hero who used his words to mobilize the people of Andhra to take part in the freedom struggle of India. One of his most famous songs was, “Maakodi Tella Doratanam” (We don’t need this White rule).” Influenced by Gandhi, like many others, K.S. Venkatramani too used literature to portray his ideals. He wrote two important novels–Murugan, The Tiller (1927) and Kundan, The Patriot (1934). In Murugan, Venkatramani recognizes the sacrifices of village people in their struggle for freedom. Whereas the novel Kundan dealt with the economic impact of Gandhism. Subramanya Bharati wrote songs on nationalism and freedom, which inspired and fuelled the Tamil youth to go against the Britishers. Govardhanram Tripathi was an Indian Gujarati language novelist. One of his most celebrated works is his novel, ‘Saraswatichandra’ which he wrote between 1887 and 1901, in four volumes. The novel gives a vivid sight of the effects on the state of Gujarat as the British rose and practised their selfish rules on the people. Kazi Nazrul Islam had initially trained in the military to fight off the colonisers. However, later he settled into literary work. His works sharply and unapologetically criticised the wrongs of the British Raj. His criticism labelled him as a ‘rebel poet’, which also got him jailed.

These freedom fighters were the unsung heroes, the lesser known revolutionaries, writers and journalists who haven’t been spotlighted in the history of the freedom struggle despite their unparalleled contribution and dedication to their country. The British Raj eventually crumpled by each and every force extended by the people of the country. While celebrating the Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, the 75th year of independence, make sure to utter the names of the unsung heroes as well!

To read more about them, visit Vistas of Bharat!

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Vistas of Bharat : Indian Culture2 months ago

The Role of Musicians, Painters, Dancers During India’s Freedom Struggle

Freedom Fight
Vistas of Bharat : Indian Culture2 months ago

The Unsung Heroes Of India’s Independence Movement

Independence Day
Vistas of Bharat : Indian Culture2 months ago

The Ones Who Led The Way: Freedom Fighters Of India

Kanhu Charan Mohanty
Editor's Pick2 months ago

Kanhu Charan Mohanty: Celebrating Novelist and His Astonishing Novels

Storytelling
Creators2 months ago

Reflection Of Past And Friends, Churning The Sheltered Joy Within Us

Music
Music2 months ago

Never a Bad Day to Explore New Songs: Presenting Original Musical Compositions

Ghar Ki Murgi
Short Films2 months ago

Ghar Ki Murgi: Reflection Of Every Laudable Homemaker

Dry Fruit Ka Halwa
Short Films2 months ago

“Dry Fruit ka Halwa” – A Wholesome Romantic -Comedy to Make You Smile

Kishore Kumar
Editor's Pick2 months ago

Reliving the 70s with Kishore Kumar’s voice on his Birth Anniversary

Dance
Dance2 months ago

Enthralling Dance Performances Amidst the Nature Unfurling Serenity

Illustrations
Art & Craft2 months ago

Illustration , A Medium To Percieve And Project Dreams And Nostalgia.

Folk dance
Dance2 months ago

Going Back To Our Roots: Indian Folk Dance Covers

Kenny Sebastian
Creators3 months ago

The Funny Man Next Door : Kenny Sebastian

Bindu Rajendran
Dance6 months ago

Bindu Rajendren: Reimagining Spiritual Connection Through Mohiniyattam

The Other Lover StoryThe Other Lover Story
Short Films3 months ago

India’s First Lesbian Web Series: The ‘Other’ Love Story

P Bhaskaran
Editor's Pick5 months ago

A Very Special Devotee Of The Malayalam Language: P. Bhaskaran

Dance
Dance5 months ago

Pasoori Has Captivated The Whole Country with Its Music Beats

Abhishek Salvi
Art & Craft6 months ago

Paved the Way: Artist and Illustrator, Abhishek Salvi

Honey Unnikrishnan
Dance6 months ago

The Transcendental Magic of Mohiniyattam: Dancer Honey Unnikrishnan

Keiko Okano
Dance6 months ago

Bridging the Cultural Barriers: Mohiniyattam Dancer Keiko Okano

Yashna Malhotra
Interviews5 months ago

Scripting Characters and Dramedies: Meet Screenwriter Yashna Malhotra

Disguise
Short Films6 months ago

Lifting the Veil of Prejudice: Watch ‘The Disguise’

Storytelling
Standup5 months ago

Sharab Band, Zindagi Shuru: A Story On Overcoming Alcohol Addiction

Jhoola
Standup5 months ago

Listen to Neelesh Misra’s Jhoola: A Story on Alcohol Abuse

short film
Short Films4 months ago

Love, Identity, and Homosexuality: Watch Short Film New Normal

Ali Akbar Khan
Editor's Pick6 months ago

Throwback Thursday: The Melodies of Ali Akbar Khan

Dance
Dance5 months ago

Stages Or Channels, Never Let Your Dance Dreams Die Out

Photograph
Photography5 months ago

The Message Behind the Frames: Photographers and their Clicks

Bindi
Short Films5 months ago

‘From being caged and cared’ to ‘embracing the sky’: Watch ‘Bindi’

Illustrations
Art & Craft5 months ago

Of Colors, Illustrations and More: Check Out These Talented Illustrators

Gender Identity
Entertainment4 months ago

Breaking The Shackles of Stereotypes: Watch Short Film Gender Identity

Classical Dances
Dance2 months ago

Classical Dances Performed On Popular Songs: Must Watch

Storytelling
Standup6 months ago

Storytelling Sessions with Rachana Patil and Nayab Midha

Musical Covers
Music5 months ago

The Best Tunes to Plug in: Melodious Hindi Musical Covers 

First Second Chance
Short Films2 months ago

Old Age, Parenthood, and New Beginnings: Watch First Second Chance

Madhav Khanna
Interviews6 months ago

New Music Alert: Udaan by Musical Geniuses Madhav Khanna and Sahaj Chawla

Poetry
Poetry4 months ago

Heartfelt Poetries Takes Us Down the Memory Lanes

Poetry
Standup5 months ago

Spilling Poetry and Tales: Some Must Watch Stand up Performances

Dance
Dance4 months ago

Some Mesmerising Dance Covers That Rules Reels And Videos

Anand Bakshi
Editor's Pick2 months ago

Throwback Thursday: Remembering Anand Bakshi’s Poetry and Lyricism

Sheikh Chinna Moulana
Editor's Pick5 months ago

The Legacy Unforgotten And Unbeatable: Dr. Sheikh Chinna Moulana

Breakup
Standup5 months ago

Breakup Tales: Some Lessons Through Poetry Performances

Dance
Dance5 months ago

Dancing Enigmas: Some Dance Performances and Covers to Watch

Dance
Dance5 months ago

The Dancers of India: Unique Dance Covers from Different Parts of India

Ankit Kawatra
Business Corner3 years ago

The Inspiring Journey Of Feeding India’s Ankit Kawatra

The Untold
Short Films3 years ago

“The Untold” Words In A Love Story Of Two Best Friends

Whistling Woods International, Doliyaan, Preksha Agarwal, Trimala Adhikari, Seema Azmi
Short Films3 years ago

A Whistling Woods International Production: Doliyaan

Raat Baaki Baat Baaki, Jackie Shroff, Divyansh Pandit, Wild Buffaloes Entertainment, Filmfare
Short Films3 years ago

Raat Baaki Baat Baaki with Jackie Shroff and Divyansh Pandit

Ami Mishra, Mohammed Rafi, Ehsaan Tera, Unplugged Cover, Anchal Singh
Entertainment4 years ago

Ehsaan Tera : Unplugged Cover by Ami Mishra Ft. Anchal Singh

Plus Minus, Baba Harbajan Singh, Bhuvan Bam, Divya Dutta, Sikhya Entertainment
Short Films4 years ago

Plus Minus: A Tribute To The Unsung Hero Major Harbhajan Singh

Mashaal, The Forgotten Soldiers,The Jokers' Project, Manisha Swarnkar, Independence Day
Music4 years ago

Mashaal : The Forgotten Soldiers By The Jokers’ Project Ft. Manisha Swarnkar

Bhuvan Bam, Safar, Single, Original, Bhuvan Bam Safar, Artist, BB Ki Vines
Entertainment4 years ago

Safar : An Original Single by Bhuvan Bam Portraying Story of an Artist

Navaldeep Singh, The Red Typewriter, Short Film, Love Story, Touching Story
Short Films4 years ago

The Red Typewriter : A Touching Love Story by Navaldeep Singh

Dilbaro, Saloni Rai, Cover, Raazi, Alia Bhatt
Music4 years ago

‘Dilbaro’ From ‘Raazi Mellifluously Sung by Saloni Rai

Meri Maa, Musical, Short Film, Tarannum Mallik, Abhinay, Mother's Day
Short Films4 years ago

‘Meri Maa’ : A Musical Short Film Ft. Tarannum & Abhinay

Meri Maa ki Beti, Niharika Mishra, Poetry, Maa
Poetry4 years ago

‘Meri Maa Ki Beti’ : A Poetic Portrayal by Niharika Mishra

Call Center Ke Call Boy Ki Kahani, Rakesh Tiwari, Tafreeh Peshkash, Poetry
Poetry4 years ago

‘Call Center Ke Call Boy Ki Kahani’ by Rakesh Tiwari

Kajender Srivastava, Jawaab, Poetry, Poem
Poetry4 years ago

‘Jawaab’ : A Poetic Awakening by Kajender Srivastava

Tribute to Avicii, Indian Dancers, Avicii, Amit K Samania, Prakrati Kushwaha
Dance4 years ago

Tribute to Avicii By Indian Dancers Amit K Samania & Prakrati Kushwaha

Varun Agarwal, Million Dollar Company, Anu Aunty
Business Corner4 years ago

From Failing in Engineering to Co-Founding a Million-Dollar Company : Varun Agarwal

Dum Dum Dumroo, Sanaya Irani, Anil Charanjeett, Akash Goila
Short Films4 years ago

Dum Dum Dumroo : Think Before You Judge

Manpreet Toor's Laung Laachi
Dance4 years ago

Manpreet Toor’s Magnificent Dance on “Laung Laachi” is Mesmerizing

Semal
Music5 years ago

Mashup of ‘Treat You Better’ & ‘Mann Bharrya’ in Melodious Voice of Semal and Bharti

Aksh Baghla
Music5 years ago

Dil Diyan Gallan in Euphonious Voice of Akash Baghla

Ankit Kholia
Entertainment5 years ago

Reminiscing Classics In Ankit Kholia’s Mellifluous Voice

Sang Hoon Tere
Entertainment5 years ago

Sang Hoon Tere : Bhuvan Bam’s Original Single

Aranya Johar
Poetry5 years ago

“Why be biased to complexions?” Aranya Johar Questions the Society

Music5 years ago

Acoustic Version of Tere Mere Song by Dhvani Bhanushali

Short Films5 years ago

Tere Jaisa Yaar Kahan : A Tale of Two Best Friends

Music5 years ago

“Naino Se”: An Orginal Composition by Pushpendra Barman

Tere Mere by Saloni Rai
Music5 years ago

‘Tere Mere’ Female Cover by a Young Singer from Haryana, Saloni Rai

Every Skin Glows : Sejal Kumar
Editor's Pick5 years ago

Don’t Judge People on Skin Colour, Every Skin Glows : Sejal Kumar

Knox Artiste
Music5 years ago

14 Songs on 1 Beat Ft. Knox Artiste

Editor's Pick5 years ago

De Taali Nehraji Ft Ashish Nehra: Breakfast With Champions

Poetry5 years ago

To India: With Love by Aranya Johar

Entertainment5 years ago

Shiamak Davar’s Choreography of Despacito Ft. Justin Bieber

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